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Between Two Motherlands

In 1900, some 100,000 people living in Bulgaria―2 percent of the country's population―could be described as Greek, whether by nationality, language, or religion. The complex identities of the population―proud heirs of ancient Hellenic colonists, loyal citizens of their Bulgarian homeland, members of a wider Greek diasporic community, devout followers of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek gove...